Glossary and commonly used terminology

This glossary of terminology will help you prepare prior to race day:


Race: It is the set of events to be timed that happen in the time interval indicated when creating the race. For example “The 101Kms of Ronda” includes several running competitions, a duathlon…


Event: It is each of the different competitions that make up a race. This can be differentiated by distance covered, types of participants or any circumstance that makes some participants not appear in the same rankings as those of another. The runners in the marathon and the half marathon the 101 Ronda will never share rankings. Neither will runners with or without a wheelchair even if the distance is the same.

Location: It is the name of the point where one or more timing devices will be installed.

Timing point
: It is each programmed point in which a time is recorded.  For example in a 10k there can be Start, 5k and Finish.

: It is a segment, inside of an event, that we use to calculate times and positions of athletes. In an event, there must always be a split from the control point at the start, to the control point at the finish (meta). You can create as many splits as you want to time your event.

Difference between Location and Timing points
: The same location may have 2 or more timing points. In a race with laps, you can have a single location, but with multiple timing points. For example, in a 10k race with two laps, it would go twice through the 5k and it would be the same location but with different timing point: first it would be the 5K timing point with location finish, and in the second timing point it would be the finish with location finish. The name of the location is a choice, for example, the name of the place (Somport, Avda Francia…) or the name of the most important timing point (Meta).

RAW times
: times of passage through each of the locations. The RAW table has the following data: chip code, date and time of creation, date and time of passage, device that recorded it, location and assigned timing point.

Timing point times:
 all the raw times that have been processed to become a split time. To process a raw time is to apply all the characteristics of a given location (minimum and maximum times, laps…).

Split times
: The time between two control points that copérnico uses to calculate positions in a split. For example in a triathalon there are the following splits and split times: Swim, transition 1, bike, transition 2, run and a split from the start to finish. The times for each split are used to calculate rankings, if we want to rank the athletes reaching the 5k within a 10k it is essential to create a split from the start to the 5k timing point.

: This is the name we give to the start time of a group of participants. In an event, there can be 1 or several waves and each participant will have only one associated wave.

: It is the age differentiation between participants. For example senior, Veteran, etc… It is used to obtain rankings by age group.

: This concept is very important to understand as it will help you to generate special rankings such as local, federated, etc… It is any specific value that we can attribute to any participant to participate in special rankings. Examples of this would be Local= Yes, or Professional= Firefighter, Doctor, Police… copérnico will calculate complete rankings per section of each value in each attribute that is defined in the race.

: It is a grouping of participants according to the criteria that we establish, it does not have to coincide with the club they belong to. copérnico will calculate rankings by teams.

Trophies: These are the criteria for awarding prizes to the winning participants. They will be displayed in the Live APPs and trophy delivery documents can be obtained, in addition to other functions.

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